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About Australia

Snapshot of Australia

Full Title Commonwealth of Australia
Surface area 7,692,024 sq. kms (2,969,907 sq. miles)
Population 23.94 Million (December 2015)
Proportion of Population Born Overseas 28.2% (June 2015)
Proportion of Population Who Identify as Being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Origin 2.5% (2011)
Capital City Canberra
Largest City Sydney Population 4.92 million (June 2015)
Surface Area 7.69 million sq kms (2.96 million sq miles)
Main language English + more than 300 others
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Life Expectancy 84 years (women) 80 years (men)
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita A$64,660 (2013)
Workforce 11.9 million (May 2016)
Inflation Rate 1% (June 2016)
Value of Exports of Goods and Services A$316.6 billion
Major Goods and Services Exports Iron ores and concentrates, coal, natural gas, education travel services, gold
Major Imports Passenger motor vehicles, refined petroleum, crude petroleum, telecom equipment and parts, computers
Main Trading Partners China, Japan, United States, Republic of Korea
National Day Australia Day: 26 January
Time Eastern: GMT+10hrs
Central: GMT+9.5hrs
Western: GMT+8hrs
Households with Internet Access 83% (June 2013)
International Students 440,949 (May 2016)


Covering a total area of 7.69 million square kilometres, mainland Australia is the world’s largest island – but smallest continent. In distance, the continent stretches about 3700 kilometres from north to south and 4000 kilometres from east to west, making it the sixth-largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States and Brazil. Australia is also the only continent that is governed as a single country. It is sometimes informally referred to as an ‘island’ continent, surrounded by oceans. Australia enjoys outstanding Asia-Pacific location – the fastest growing region in the world. This means it has similar time zone to Asia and its various export enjoys direct shipping access to Asia.

Australians come from a rich variety of cultural, ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds. While Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the original inhabitants of the land, immigrants from about 200 countries also call Australia home.

Until the 1970s, the majority of immigrants to Australia came from Europe. These days Australia receives many more immigrants from Asia, and since 1996 the number of immigrants from Africa and the Middle East has almost doubled. 

Australia’s immigration policy welcomes people from all over the world and does not discriminate on racial, cultural or religious grounds. Australians embrace the spectrum of religious beliefs and Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh and other places of worship are found in almost every major city.

Australia is modern, contemporary and multicultural and this is reflected in its buildings, fashion, recreation and foods. English is the national language but more than 300 languages are spoken in Australian homes. The most common are Mandarin, Italian, Arabic, Cantonese and Greek.

Australia’s political stability, transparent regulatory system and sound governance frameworks underpin its economic resilience. (Source: Australia Benchmark Report)

Australia is rated ‘triple A’ by all three global rating agencies and enjoys levels of net public debt that are among the lowest in the OECD. Its economy is considered one of the strongest, most stable and diverse in the world. As of 2019, Australia has 28 years of unbroken economic growth which is a world record.

Known as one of the great agricultural, mining and energy producers, Australia has one of the world’s most open and varied economies, with a highly educated workforce and an extensive services sector. Underpinning Australia’s strong economy is its open and transparent trade and investment environment, business-friendly regulatory approach and its trade and economic links with emerging economies, particularly in Asia. (

Most Liveable Cities
According to The Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) global liveability report, Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and Perth have consistently been in the top 15 world cities ranking judging by widespread availability of goods and services, low personal risk, and an effective infrastructure. Melbourne is ranked No. 1 for seventh consecutive year from 2011 – 2017.

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